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Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Opinion | Would a President Pence Be Good for the Jews?

The vice president’s Indiana track record provides clues.

Opinion | Would a President Pence Be Good for the Jews?

The vice president’s Indiana track record provides clues.
July 10, 2017 in 2017 July-August, Featured, Politics
6 Comments

Whenever the current occupant of the White House does something erratic, there’s the inevitable whisper: What about a President Mike Pence? Perhaps Pence would be better for the country? Perhaps Pence would be better for the Republicans? Perhaps, some ask, Pence would even be better for the Jews?

As a longtime observer of the vice president from his home state, where I teach political science at Indiana University, I am not convinced. Mike Pence is a vocal advocate for Israel and a decent man, but that doesn’t make him “good for the Jews.”

Yes, he is a Zionist. Yes, he supports a strong alliance between the United States and Israel. Yes, he is even a darling of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee. But American Jews want more from their elected officials than strong advocacy for Israel; survey after survey shows we vote far more based on matters of social justice, economics and health. So how does Pence fare on the issues that matter most to Jewish voters? Not so well.

When Pence ruled the roost at our Hoosier statehouse, he was known for his disregard for the rights and interests of some of our most vulnerable citizens. Two examples stand out: his support of our state’s Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) and his aggressive opposition to reproductive rights.

The RFRA fight was Pence’s first civil rights fiasco. As governor, he lobbied for the bill and signed it into law on March 26, 2015. The act protected the freedom of businesses and their owners to practice their religion at work, even if that would entail discrimination against their LGBTQ or other customers.

The Jewish Community Relations Council of Indianapolis, of which I’m president, testified against passage of the bill. We argued first and foremost that religiously justified discrimination is still discrimination. If businesses won’t serve you because they don’t like your sexual orientation, your race or your religion, it shouldn’t matter that the business owners’ intent was based on religious belief. That’s how many Southern business owners justified discrimination against blacks in the past, and it’s how many Americans justify their discrimination today. Discrimination is wrong whatever the reason, and Jews, like any minority group, are at risk from it.

Discrimination is also bad for the Jews because it’s bad for the economy. During the legislature’s deliberations on RFRA, our state’s leading companies, including Eli Lilly and Cummins Engines, testified and lobbied against it. They recognized that they wouldn’t be able to attract the most capable workforce if Indiana were not a state that welcomed everyone. Yet the governor seemed tone-deaf to these pleas. It doesn’t say much for his ability to lead the whole nation.

It was only after Indiana came under tremendous pressure from national media that the General Assembly stepped in and “fixed” the bill to make it less discriminatory. The fix came entirely from the legislature; even afterward, Governor Pence thought the only real problem had been a failure to sell the bill properly. On ABC’s This Week, for example, Pence refused eight separate opportunities to say that potential anti-gay discrimination might be a problem, and he insisted the law did not need to be changed.

Pence also deviates from the vast majority of Jews’ electoral positions on matters of reproductive health. According to McGill University historian Gil Troy, Jewish voters “are more pro-choice than pro-Israel.” In contrast, Pence signed eight pro-life bills into law in four years. The latest, signed in March 2016, turned out to be one of the most restrictive abortion laws in the country. 

The law included a constellation of provisions that cast many shadows on women’s right to reproductive choice. If a couple discovered their fetus had Tay-Sachs disease or Down syndrome and wanted an abortion, the law denied them that option. No abortions were to be permitted because of fetal abnormalities. The law also would have required abortion doctors to have admitting privileges at a nearby hospital; a similar law in Texas caused half the state’s abortion clinics to close. Adding insult to injury, the law also required abortion providers or clients to bury or cremate fetal tissue.

The measure was a point of pride for Pence, and he signed it with a prayer for mothers and unborn children. Thousands of women rallied at the statehouse to protest the law, which was suspended by a federal judge before it could go into effect. (Many of the 2013 Texas law’s restrictions were struck down by the Supreme Court last year.)

Nevertheless, Pence, as vice president, has continued to support restrictive laws that would deny women access to safe and legal abortions, claiming at the annual anti-Roe v. Wade rally in DC that “Life is winning.”

In promoting laws that deny civil rights, Pence has championed policies that divide rather than unite. And policies that divide us are never good for the Jews. In a society of conflict, minorities suffer, and when minorities suffer, the Jewish community suffers. It is no coincidence that the rise in our country’s political polarization has been accompanied by a rise in anti-Semitic acts.

Jews should—and do—care about rights for all, not least because we are commanded in Deuteronomy to pursue justice. But it also behooves us to seek justice for all, because only in a strong and robust democracy can we thrive as American Jews.

Judith Lynn Failer is an associate professor of political science at Indiana University, Bloomington, and president of the Jewish Community Relations Council of Indianapolis.

6 Comments
  • Hasi 19:07h, 10 July Reply

    I care much more for a candidate’s position on US/Israeli relations and what’s good for Israel and Jews than I do for all other issues – social, medical, economic or otherwise – by orders of magnitude! American Jews would do well to remember 1933 Germany. The great majority of liberal thinking, assimilated reform Jews who believed their integration into German society and culture would save them were tragically wrong. Had there been a strong Israel at that time 6 million of our co-religionists would have been able to find safe haven. SOMETHING NO OTHER COUNTRY, INCLUDING ROOSEVELT’S USA DID NOT EVEN CONSIDER!

  • Anna 15:27h, 18 July Reply

    Overly generalized.
    as an American Jew, I look first and formost to SUPPORT AND FAIRNESS FOR ISRAEL.
    That is whyI as a DEMOCRAT, NEVER VOTED FOR OBAMA. .sadly, I WAS NOT WRONG..Other issues are very important, Support of Israel should be crucial

  • David Ben Shlomo 11:15h, 21 July Reply

    Dear Judith. I wonder why this question is raised.
    He has not being elected yet.
    He may never be.
    My advice to you is to worry more about his support to Israel in case he would be elected.
    Let me remind you that your well being as a Jew in America, will be determinated by the existance of Israel ad a strong state, and the good relations with the USA.
    This is what should bother you as a thinking Jew in America.

  • ZhEV M Freed 18:33h, 24 July Reply

    If you are so concerned about the Republic-of-Israel; please accept my invitation to move closer. We live a few minutes by bicycle from Abraham`s Well. Establish a residence where it is possible to travel by bus, cab, private car, train to J”lem or T”A. Consider how you will feel when over 12.5% of adult males chose to not work and expect your taxes to support them In a few years, it will be a much larger percentage that your children & grand children will have to support. More tax money will have to be dumped into the same sort of sinkholes that are swallowing the Dead Sea Coast.

  • Harry Freiberg 14:12h, 25 July Reply

    What is good for America is usually good for America’s Jews.

    Pence would NOT be good for either…

  • Jean A Westler 16:59h, 29 July Reply

    Neither a President Pence nor our current poor excuse for a President would be good for Israel, the Middle East, the world community. Pence is an evangelical who rejects everyone who doesn’t accept his beliefs; is racist, misogynistic, non accepting of all sexual orientations — and integrates those beliefs into his political practices as a governor and as a vice-president. We have no reason to believe he would be a friend to Israel, and to accept what he says as opposed to his actions would be detrimental to this country, Israel, and the entire Middle East.

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